Sunday, March 24, 2013

Global Organization that Related With Nuclear Energy

Nuclear energy is not a freelance and stands alone to organize itself. In this world, the nuclear energy is organized by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and World Nuclear Association (WNA). These two organizations often promote the peaceful usage of nuclear. IAEA was an autonomous organization and meanwhile WNA was a non-profit, independent organization. This post will explain the history and function of these two organizations.

IAEA logo

IAEA was founded by the idea of President Dwight D. Eisenhower which wanted an organization that regulate and promote the usage of nuclear energy for peace. According to this idea, IAEA was founded in 1957 and leaded by W. Sterling Cole, a former US Congressman. Other than promotes the nuclear usage for peaceful purposes, IAEA also concerning about the nuclear safety around the world. This could be seen in the nuclear disaster at Chernobyl and Fukushima-Daishi. IAEA also keep an eye on nuclear for military purposes. This could be seen when IAEA’s representative always visited the nuclear facilities around the world, especially at the controversial country like Iran.

IAEA visit at Iran.

All nuclear reactors around the world were registered under this organization. But not all was registered. For example, North Korea and Israel nuclear reactor was remained anonymous although there were some reports regarding that issue. According to its official website, total of 159 countries has joined its organization. This shown that many countries show their interest and hope for this organization to fulfill its work as primary nuclear organization in this world.

On the other hand, World Nuclear Association was an independent, non-profit organization that promotes and supports the nuclear usage for peace, especially on world’s companies.

WNA logo.

WNA members were responsible of 95 percent of nuclear power outside of US. WNA was founded on 1975 under the name of Uranium Institute and later change name to present at 2001. WNA now usually operates on the Internet to gain its membership. WNA has many subjects to be focus on. For example, nuclear law and trading, transport of radioactive materials, uranium mining standardization and many more. WNA also helps the IAEA on nuclear safety matters.

In conclusion, both IAEA and WNA have its own function in some fields that required its expertise. As the organization that organizes the smoothness and reliability of nuclear energy, both IAEA and WNA has done greatly in the past century by avoiding the possibility of nuclear winter. IAEA and WNA only hope that the world can be great by using the nuclear energy for peace, not for war.



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